You’re Under Arrest! How to Use Cuyo in Spanish and Call on the Possession Police



There is a word in Spanish I like to call the ownership authorities.

This word is not a possessive per se, however it constantly has something to do with ownership.

As you might have thought from the title, this ownership authorities word is Spanish cuyo ( whose, of which), and this post will teach you everything about it.

So, why is it the ownership authorities?

The response is rather easy, however you will comprehend it entirely after you check out the entire post.

In short, cuyo and its kinds constantly refer back to an individual or thing which appears before them in the sentence (this is called the antecedent).

Following cuyo is another individual or thing.

Cuyo‘s objective in the sentence is explaining that the antecedent is the holder of the 2nd individual or thing. No one can overrun this. It is the ownership authorities!

But jokes aside, cuyo is a really essential word that assists us recognize holder and had in a sentence, and furthermore enables us to present more details in the kind of a relative provision.

Even though I call it the ownership authorities, cuyo is in fact not a possessive word however a relative adjective.

And you must be questioning now … what in the world is a relative adjective?

All About Relative Adjectives like Cuyo in Spanish

Relative adjectives are adjectives that show relation in sentences. They refer back to something or somebody that has actually currently been pointed out (the antecedent) and present brand-new details about them in the kind of a relative clause.

All this sounds method more complex than it remains in truth.

Let’s take a look at one example with our visitor star of the day:

La chica cuyo gato es negro es mi hermana. ( The woman whose feline is black is my sis.)

This sentence consists of an antecedent (the woman), the relative adjective cuyo ( whose) and extra details that can be evaluated like this:

gato ( feline) — This is the noun had by the woman, who is the owner.

es negro ( is black)— This is the brand-new details about the feline.

es mi hermana ( is my sis)— This is the brand-new details about the antecedent.

Every sentence with cuyo or among its brother or sisters ( cuya, cuyos and cuyas, all suggesting “whose”) will look comparable to the previous example. They will constantly follow this pattern:

antecedent + cuyo + a noun

The brand-new details will usually come at completion of the sentence:

El hombre cuya bufanda es roja es mi padre. ( The guy whose headscarf is red is my daddy.)

However, we can likewise have that details at the start:

Mi padre es el hombre cuya bufanda es roja. ( My daddy is the guy whose headscarf is red.)

Either method, both in English and spanish, the significance of the sentence is the very same: I have a dad and he is the guy who is using a red headscarf.

Now that you understand what a relative adjective is and how to form sentences with it, let’s take a look at the entire cuyo household. Since of

its simpleness,

Cuyo is one of those words English speakers like. It is extremely simple to equate (whose, of which) and it acts effectively for a Spanish word. Since it is the ownership authorities, do not let it frighten you simply! Cuyo has 3 brother or sisters: cuya, cuyos and cuyas,FluentU however before we have a look at them in information, let’s learn more about

cuyo a little much better and compare it with English “whose.” And as soon as you read this post, you can take a look at the word in all its kinds and utilizes on How to Use Cuyo

in Spanish: Cuyo

vs. Whose

Cuyo and “whose” function extremely likewise in their particular languages. They both describe an antecedent and present details in the kind of a relative provision. You can observe the parallelisms in these 2 sentences:

La mesa cuya pata está partida es mía.

The table translations into English whose leg is broken is mine. Of course, not all Spanish sentences and their will have a one-to-one correspondence, however usually speaking, cuyo

and ” whose” need the precise very same elements in their sentences building sentences( antecedent, relative, had thing/person, brand-new details), so their structures will be extremely comparable the majority of the times.

There are a number of distinctions in between the 2 words, however, and some things to take into consideration when genders with numbers cuyo: 1. While English just has “whose” for all and , Spanish has 4 kinds: cuyo ( manly particular), cuya ( womanly particular), cuyos ( manly plural) and

cuyas (womanly particular). Here they are in action: El niño cuyo libro es verde vive en Madrid.

( The kid whose book is green lives in Madrid.) El hombre cuya bicicleta está rota vende coches.

( The guy whose bike is broken offers cars and trucks.) La mujer cuyos hijos kid cocineros acaba de llegar.

( The lady whose kids are cooks has actually simply shown up.) El avión cuyas azafatas kid de Miami acaba de aterrizar.

( The airplane because they are adjectives whose stewardesses are from Miami has actually simply landed.) 2. These 4 kinds constantly need to concur with a noun (), however

they do not concur with the antecedent! Instead, they concur with the had thing or individual: El niño cuyo libro es verde vive en Madrid.

( The kid whose book is green lives in Madrid.) El hombre cuya bicicleta está rota vende coches.

( The guy whose bike is broken offers cars and trucks.) La mujer cuyos hijos kid cocineros acaba de llegar.

( The lady whose kids are cooks has actually simply shown up.) El avión cuyas azafatas kid de Miami acaba de aterrizar.

( The airplaneThe nouns whose stewardesses are from Miami has actually simply landed.)

3. these relative adjectives concur with will constantly follow them: Visitó la casa cuyo dueño es de Venezuela.

( He checked out your home whose owner is from Venezuela.) Not: * Visitó la casa dueño cuyo es de Venezuela.

(* He checked out your home

owner whose

is from Venezuela.)

Now you are entirely prepared to take pleasure in whatever each of these 4 little words can provide you in Spanish!

I have actually divided them into 4 groups simply for clearness’s sake. Believe it or not, you currently understand whatever there is to understand about them, so the rest of this post consists generally of examples. The sentences in each group just include the matching relative adjective, so it will be simpler for you to see and comprehend each of them. Enjoy!

The Spanish Cuyo

and Its Siblings 1. Cuyo Cuyo

is the manly particular relative adjective. The nouns following it need to be manly particular also: He comprado el teléfono cuyo teclado es amarillo.

( I have actually purchased the phone whose keyboard is yellow.) El hombre cuyo paraguas he encontrado es de Nueva York. ( The guy whose umbrella

I have actually discovered is from New York.) Keep in mind: Even though paraguas looks plural, it is particular! Mi madre, cuyo vestido es azul, está allí.

( My mum, whose gown

is blue, is over there.) 2. Cuya Cuya

is the womanly particular relative adjective. The nouns that follow it are likewise womanly particular: Ha venido la chica cuya madre es peruana.

( The woman whose mama is Peruvian has actually shown up.) El hombre cuya mujer es Marta acaba de llamar.

( The guy whose partner is Marta has actually simply called.) Mi ordenador, cuya letra F no funciona, es muy caro.

( My computer system, whose F

secret does not word, is extremely costly.) 3. Cuyos Cuyos

is the manly pural relative adjective. The nouns following it should be manly plural, too: Hemos visitado al chico cuyos amigos viven en Guadalajara.

( We have actually gone to the guy whose good friends reside in Guadalajara.) Los estudiantes cuyos libros han sido robados están tristes.

( The trainees whose books have actually been taken are unfortunate.) El niño, cuyos padres están divorciados, vive con su abuela.

( The kid, whose moms and dads

are separated, copes with his granny.) 4. Cuyas Cuyas

is the womanly plural relative adjective. The nouns following it are womanly plural also: Vivo en una ciudad cuyas calles kid muy estrechas.

( I reside in a city whose streets are extremely narrow.) La chica cuyas hermanas puedes ver en esta foto vendrá luego.

( The woman whose sis you can see in this photo is coming later on.) El perro, cuyas patas están partidas, no puede caminar.

( The pet dog,

whose legs are broken, can’t stroll.) Practice the Spanish Cuyo: Try It Yourself! Ready to put this details into practice? Complete the following sentences with the appropriate relative adjective.

Do not forget to take a look at the noun after the blank to choose which kind of cuyo to utilize! You can discover the services at the end of the post.

1. El niño, _______ madre es enfermera, es muy divertido. ( The kid, whose mama is a nurse, is uproarious.)

2. Este es el hombre _______ hijos kid cocineros. ( This is the guy whose kids are cooks.)

3. La chica _______ libro es verde no ha llegado todavía. ( The woman whose book is green has actually not shown up yet.)

4. Necesito el teléfono _______ teclado es amarillo. ( I require the phone whose keyboard is yellow.)

5. Esta es la mujer _______ padres murieron el año pasado. ( This is the lady whose moms and dads passed away in 2015.)

6. Ana, _______ hermanas kid estudiantes, vive conmigo. (Ana, whose sis are trainees, copes with me.)


Esta es la frase _______ solución puedes encontrar al last del post.

( This is the sentence whose option you can discover at the end of the post.)

And that is it! Didn’t I inform you this was as simple as pie?

Sentences with cuyo might appear a bit more advanced and complex than typical ones, however I assure you that you will feel very happy with yourself once you begin utilizing this household of words.

So go out there and begin utilizing cuyo

like there is no tomorrow so that one day I will have the ability to state:

Le enseñé español a un estudiante cuyo español ahora es fantástico.

( I taught Spanish to a student whose Spanish now is great.) Stay curious and, as constantly, delighted knowing! Solutions: 1. cuya 2. cuyos 3. cuyo 4. cuyo 5. cuyos 6.


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