Reported Speech in Spanish: Master the Art of Talking About What Other People Say



Reported speech is all over.

In English, you utilize it lots (if not hundreds) of times every day without even understanding it.

The excellent news is that you can be that natural in Spanish, too. You’re actually simply a short article far from ending up being a Spanish reported speech master yourself!

Don’t think me? Offer this post simply 10 minutes of your time, and you’ll see how simple it can be.


What Is Spanish Reported Speech?

Direct and reported speech are 2 of the most frequently-used grammar points in languages, and Spanish is no exception. You direct either utilize or reported speech Whenever you talk about what somebody else has actually stated.

When you duplicate precisely what another individual has actually stated and clearly suggest who stated it, you’re utilizing direct speech. :

(Daniel states: “I am extremely worn out today.”) compadre
Now, let’s state you do not keep in mind precisely what your

Daniel dice que está muy cansado hoy.
( pal) Daniel stated, however you do keep in mind the essence of it. If another person asks you what Daniel stated, you ‘d state something like:

( Daniel states he is extremely worn out today.) That, in a nutshell, is reported speech.

Spanish reported speech is where you speak about somebody (besides yourself and the individual you’re speaking to) and what that individual stated without always estimating them verbatim.

In composed messages or texts, it’s generally much easier to separate in between Spanish direct and reported speech. For beginners, direct speech utilizes quote marks to confine the declaration being priced quote, while reported speech does not. Direct speech prices estimate the individual being spoken about word-for-word, while reported speech might or might not utilize their precise words, though the essence of what they stated is constantly present.

So that’s it? Distinguishing direct and reported speech in Spanish is simply a matter of utilizing the ideal punctuation marks and whether you utilized the other individual’s precise words, yes?

Not rather. English and Spanish reported speech are comparable for the a lot of part, the latter has some distinct peculiarities that we’ll be talking about in the next areas. Basics of Spanish Reported Speech Like in English, reported speech in Spanish includes a couple of fundamental aspects: reporting verbs, linking words like


(” that”) and the message from the individual being spoken about– whether the message is verbatim or not.

Let’s break them down below. Spanish Reporting Verbs Similar to English, Spanish reporting verbs (likewise called

interaction verbs

) are utilized to indicate that you’re either pricing estimate somebody straight (direct speech) or paraphrasing them (reported speech).

Decir There are lots of reporting verbs in every language, although we tend to utilize a few of them regularly than others.

Here are a few of the most typical reporting verbs in Spanish:
( to state, to inform)

Preguntar Decir

is most likely the most typical Spanish word to utilize when discussing what another person stated.
( to ask)

Querer saber
If you wish to inform somebody about what another individual is asking, usage

preguntar.( to would like to know) Querer saber

can be utilized in a comparable method as

preguntar. ( to ask)

When you’re discussing what another person desires, usage

pedir.( to desire) Instead of pedir,

you can likewise utilize


Other Reporting Verbs in Spanish Que
As I’ve pointed out previously, there are a lot of Spanish reporting verbs that it would be difficult to note them all here. I can provide you some of the most typical ones:


( That)

You might have discovered that practically all of our examples above have the word Spanish sentence structure que

I’m informing you now:

quequestions is going to be your brand-new buddy, due to the fact that every reported declaration and command in Spanish will include it, even if you leave out or do not require “that” in English.

Let’s take a look at a couple of examples:

Spanish Reported Speech Word Order: Subject + Verb + Object si
It does not matter if you’re discussing a concern, command or declaration. The word order will constantly be Subject + Verb + Object, as is normal of . Spanish Reported Speech Based on Questions

When the reported speech Spanish speakers utilize is based upon

, it deviates somewhat from the structure we simply talked about and is based upon whether you’re utilizing a “yes or no” concern or a “wh-” concern.

Yes or No Questions In reported speech that’s based upon this sort of concern, you utilize ( if, whether) rather of que

” Wh-” Questions Recall the Spanish equivalents of the English “wh-” concerns: When you’re reporting a “wh-” concern, you utilize the proper concern words above rather of que or

si One thing to remember: when utilizing the verb


, you can include

quepronouns right before the concern word.

Don’t hesitate to compose 2

quetime together! They aren’t the exact same word, and they do not have the exact same function.

Other Changes in Spanish Reported Speech

Personal Pronouns and Possessives

In reported speech, the individual

and possessives alter from the reported variation. Fortunately, it works the exact same method in English– that is, the modification is needed so that the core message isn’t lost or misinterpreted.

Time and Place Expressions

Again like English,

and location expressions in the reported speech Spanish speakers utilize modification from their direct equivalents.

Here are a few of the primary modifications that occur:

There’s a group of words I ‘d like to consist of in this area. They’re neither time nor location expressions, however they suggest range from the speaker.

Verb Tenses Undoubtedly, the most bothersome part of reported speech in Spanish is that the verbs alter their tenses. The excellent news is that these modifications do not take place all the time, and you have practically similar modifications in English.

But when do we require to make modifications in verb tenses? How do we understand? The only thing you need to keep in mind here is the reporting verb. Yes, that little pal present at the start of the reported sentences we studied in the past. There are just 2 simple guidelines, truly:

1. You DON’T have to alter any verb tenses unless you have a command if the reporting verb is in the present easy or the present ideal tense. 2. If the reporting verb remains in the preterite, the imperfect or the previous ideal tense ( pluscuamperfectoimperative), you DO require to make modifications.present subjunctive Have an appearance at the copying. The reporting verbs

( in strong)

remain in today easy or today ideal, so there are no verb modifications in the reported sentences.

As specified in the past, when you have a command, you imperfect doconditional require to make modifications even when the reporting verb remains in today or today ideal tense. The

modifications into the FluentU.

Similarly, if the command’s reporting verb remains in the previous tense, the vital modifications into the imperfect subjunctive.

In those sentences where the reporting verb appears in the previous tense, you require to make verb tense modifications in the reported piece. These modifications are practically similar to those in English, however here are the most crucial ones for your benefit:

In those sentences where the verb remains in the


), there are no tense modifications. will then love FluentU I understand this can all sound complicated and extremely frustrating, so I ‘d like to present you to the language finding out platform , where you can see reported speech in Spanish in action.

And that’s all!

As you can see, Spanish and English reported speeches are extremely comparable.


Just keep in mind the couple of guidelines I’ve taught you in this post, and you’ll have no issue at all! Download:
This article is readily available as a portable and hassle-free PDF that you.
can take anywhere.


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Francisco J. Vare likes mentor and discussing grammar. He’s a happy language geek, and you’ll typically discover him finding out languages, teaching trainees or reading. He’s been composing for FluentU for several years and is among their personnel authors. (*).


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