Master These 30+ Must-Know French Prepositions

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A preposition is a word or expression that explains the relationship in between 2 nouns. They are essential and extremely typical for reliable interaction in any language, consisting of French. Understanding how to utilize prepositions is necessary in discovering a brand-new language if you wish to talk about where things are, how they’re moving, when occasions are taking place, and more! When it comes to prepositions,

You’ll discover that French has its own subtleties. Think about how native New Yorkers are understood to state they’re waiting “on line” instead of “in line.” In French, you’ll wish to take care of your preposition option– oftentimes, you will not have the ability to depend on direct translations from English! Rosetta Stone can help Below, we’ll take an in-depth take a look at these distinctions, comprehend preposition function and positioning in sentences, and find out how prepositions can be utilized to raise your discussions.

if you desire to master French prepositions quicker without all of the memorization!

  • Why are prepositions so essential? Prepositions are extremely typically utilized to reveal a range of things, consisting of place. Let’s look once again at the example from above: The book is on the rack. = Le livre est

sur

  • l’étagère. The preposition “on” determines the whole significance of the sentence. If I change “on” with a various preposition, the entire sentence modifications: The book is under the rack. = Le livre est
  • sous l’étagère. The book is far from the rack. = Le livre est
  • loin des étagères. The book is near the rack. = Le livre est
  • près de l’étagère. The book is beside the rack. = Le livre est

à côté

eiffel-tower-at-sunset-in-paris

de l’étagère.

The prepositional word or expression totally alters the significance. Understanding the various prepositions is a basic part of reliable interaction in French.

What functions do prepositions serve in French?

Prepositions in French serve a number of functions that assist us interact principles and relationships. Here are some typical and beneficial functions of prepositions in French: 1. Origin and Destination Common prepositions of origin and location consist of à (at/to), de (of/from), and

  • vers (towards). Nous allons à la boulangerie. = We are going

to

the bakeshop. 2. Motion Some typical prepositions of motion are par (through, by), à travers (across/through) and

  • entre (in between). Le train passe par la gare. = The train goes

through

the station. 3. Geographical Location Prepositions like chez (at your home of/place of), près de (near/near to), and

  • en (in) are typically utilized to explain locations and places in French. Le parc est près de la maison. = The park is

near

your home. 4. Time Prepositions of time in French consist of pendant (throughout), jusqu’ à (till), and

  • depuis (given that). J’habite en France depuis 2015. = I’ve resided in France

given that

2015. 5. Physical Location Prepositions like dans (inside of/in), sur (on/on top of), and

  • sous (under) are utilized to explain physical relationships in between 2 nouns. Le verre est sur la table. = The glass is

on

the table. 6. Relationships Prepositions like avec (with), sans (without) and

  • contre (versus) symbolize more abstract relationships in between 2 nouns. Je dîne avec ma famille. = I’m having supper
three-colorful-vintage-cars

with

my household.

How do French prepositions vary from English prepositions? French prepositions have a number of crucial distinctions from English prepositions. First, French has less prepositions in general than English. Because lots of French prepositions have numerous significances and translations, this is. Context is essential in analyzing the English translation. The preposition à can indicate “in”, “at”, or “to”, depending on the context. J’habite

  • à Paris. = I live in Paris. Je vais
  • à Paris. = I’m going to Paris. Je suis
  • à la banque. = I am at the bank. Second, French prepositions are far more actual than English prepositions. In French, you would never ever state you are “on” ( sur) the bus, as this would require somebody to envision you on top of the bus. Rather, you state you are “within” ( dans) the bus, as this is more actual. Third, when speaking about modes of transportation, you will utilize either à or

    en to explain how you are taking a trip. Usage à when speaking about person, outside modes of transport like strolling, swimming or cycling. Usage en

    • when speaking about cars and trucks, aircrafts, trains and other automobiles you participate in. Next is the French preposition chez
    • There is no specific English equivalent, however it best equates to “at your home of” or “at the location of”, normally followed by an individual. You can utilize chez to explain whose home or workplace you are going to. It is likewise typically utilized in dining establishment names to explain the owner or chef.

    Nous allons

    • chez nos moms and dads. = We are going to our moms and dads’ home. Je vais chez le dentiste. = I am going to the dental expert(‘s location).
    • In addition, speaking about going “to” or being “in” particular cities, nations, areas, and so on varies in French. Nation and area names are womanly or manly, which alters how you speak about them. Some nations are likewise plural, such as the United States. : Je vais
    • au Sénégal. = I am going to Senegal (manly). Je vais

    aux États-Unis. = I am going to the

    • United States (plural). Je vais en France = I am going to
    • France (womanly). When speaking about islands or cities, you merely utilize the preposition à to state “in” or “to”. Elle est

    à Paris. = She is in

    fresh-fruit-at-outdoor-market-in-paris

    Paris.

    Elle va

    >> Struggling with pronunciation? Check out TruAccent by Rosetta Stone!

    à Tahiti. = She is going
    to Tahiti.
    Lastly, when utilizing prepositions in French, it is essential to keep in mind that you can not end a sentence with a preposition. It prevails in English to end a sentence with “to”, “about” or “from,” however this is not the case in French. While lots of prepositions in French end in de
    , they require to be followed by a noun or pronoun. Complete list of French prepositions
    To assist acquaint you with French prepositions, listed below is a list of 42 typical French prepositions, alphabetized in French with their English translations. French
    English à
    at, to à côté de
    beside, next to à droite de
    to the right of à gauche de
    to the left of à l’est de
    to the east of à l’extérieur de
    ( on the) beyond à l’intérieur de
    ( on the) within à l’ouest de
    to the west of à partir de
    beginning with à travers
    throughout, through après
    after au bout de
    at the end of au-dessous de
    underneath, listed below au-dessus de, en haut de
    above, over au lieu de
    rather of au scene de
    in the middle of au nord de
    to the north of au sud de
    to the south of autour de
    around avant
    before avec
    with chez
    at your home of, at the location of contre
    versus dans
    in, within de
    of, from depuis
    given that, for (+ amount of time) derrière
    behind devant
    in front of en
    in en face de
    dealing with, throughout from entre
    in between envers, vers
    towards jusqu’ à
    till loin de
    far (away) from par
    through, by (place or authorship) parmi
    amongst pendant
    throughout, for (+ amount of time) put
    gardens-of-versailles

    for

    près de

    close to

    sans

    without

    • sous below sur on, on top of Common French prepositions by function Now that you’re familiar with the above typical French prepositions, we will take a look at how to utilize them based upon their function. When to utilize French prepositions based on the context, this will assist you master. Below are 42 typical French prepositions arranged by function: Origin and Destination Many prepositions in French are utilized to talk about the origin and location of nouns.
    Le bus va de
    Lyon à
    Paris = The bus is going from
    Lyon to
    Paris. French
    English à

    at, to

    à partir de

    • beginning with au bout de at the end of de of, from
    • jusqu’ à till Movement In addition to explaining the origin and location of a noun, there are a number of French prepositions to explain the motion of a noun. Je vais
    vers le café. = I am going
    towards the café.
    Il va à travers
    le parc. = He is going through

    the park.

    French

    • English à travers throughout, through autour de around

    envers, vers

    towards Geographical Location
    In addition to explaining motion, you can likewise utilize prepositions in French to explain geographical place. Le dining establishment est
    au nord de la bibliothèque. = The dining establishment is
    to the north of the library.
    Be conscious, nevertheless, that in English we frequently drop off “to the” with these expressions, merely stating “north of”. In French you should utilize the whole prepositional expression “to the north of” followed by a noun or pronoun. French
    women-painting-on-canvas

    English

    à l’est de

    • to the east of à l’ouest de to the west of au nord de to the north of
    • au sud de to the south of Time Prepositions in French can likewise be utilized to suggest a relationship in time in between 2 nouns. J’étudie

    jusqu’ à cinq heures. = I am studying till 5 o’clock. Il travaille pendant la journée. = He is working throughout the day. It is essential to keep in mind that put, pendant and depuis

    • can all be equated to “for” depending upon the context. Pour is most typically utilized to suggest “for” with future occasions, while pendant equates to “for” with finished previous occasions. Otherwise,
    • pendant equates to “throughout.” Depuis equates to “for” with continuing, present occasions, otherwise it equates to “given that.” Nous allons en France
    • put le week-end. = We are going to France for the weekend. Nous sommes allés en France
    pendant deux semaines. = We went to France
    for 2 weeks.
    Nous habitons en France depuis
    deux ans. = We’ve resided in France for
    2 years. French
    English à
    at, to après
    after avant
    before de

    of, from

    depuis

    • given that, for (+ amount of time) jusqu’ à till pendant throughout, for (+ amount of time)
    • put for Physical Location Another usage for French prepositions is to explain the physical relationship in between 2 nouns. : Le chat est dans la boîte. = The feline is in (within) package. Le chat est devant la boîte. = The feline is in front of package. The table listed below lists a number of prepositions of place in French. French English à côté de beside, next to à droite de to the right of à gauche de to the left of à l’extérieur de ( on the) beyond à l’intérieur de ( on the) within au-dessous de underneath, listed below au-dessus de, en haut de above, over au scene de in the middle of chez at your home of, at the location of dans in, within derrière behind devant in front of en in en face de dealing with, throughout from

      entre

      in between

      • loin de far (away) from par by (place) près de

      close to

      sous below
      sur on, on top of
      Relationships Prepositions’ primary function is to suggest the relationship in between 2 nouns. The French prepositions gone over in the previous areas explain more concrete relationships, such as place and time. There are likewise prepositions that reveal more abstract relationships. : Elle a arrêté la voiture
      sans prévenir. = She stopped the vehicle
      spiral-staircase-in-paris

      without

      caution. The following list consists of prepositions that explain relationships, both abstract and concrete. French English au lieu de

      rather of avec with contre versus parmi amongst sans without When do prepositions alter type? Prepositions that end in

      de require to alter type depending upon the short article of the noun that follows them. In addition, the preposition
      à has type modifications. These modifications resemble contractions in English. “I have” can end up being “I’ve.” In French, nevertheless, these type modifications are not optional as they frequently remain in English.
      When de
      is followed by the guaranteed short article le
      or les
      • , it should alter. When followed by la or l’, it does not alter. Take a look at the chart and examples listed below:
      • Preposition + Article Contraction de + le du de + l’
      • de l’ de + la de la de + les des
      • Le train est à gauche du bus. = The train is to the left of the bus.

      Le chat est loin de l’ araignée. = The feline is far from the spider. Le chien est à côté de la

      table. = The pet is next to the table. La fille est près des garçons. = The lady is close to the

      kids. If
      de is followed by an indefinite short article (
      un/une ) or another word that begins with a vowel, it alters to
      d’
      The very same pattern exists with the preposition à
      • The contractions are somewhat various with the posts le and les Once again, take a look at the table and examples listed below:
      • Preposition + Article Contraction à + le au à + l’
      • à l’ à + la à la à + les aux
      • Je vais au café. = I am going to the café.

      Il va

      à l’

      épicerie. = He is going

      • to the supermarket.

      Nous sommes à la Tour Eiffel. = We are at the Eiffel Tower.

      Je vais aux
      toilettes. = I am going to the
      washroom. These patterns exist to enhance pronunciation. Mastering these will assist you interact better in French! When utilizing French prepositions is how to utilize them in concern type,
      Using prepositions to form concerns One last thing to analyze. The word order is a bit various than in English, as prepositions should remain “connected” to the concern word. :
      D’où viens-tu? = Where do you originate from?
      Notice the preposition de
      and the concern word

      (where) are linked, whereas in English they are not. Take a look at the chart listed below for a list of typical concern words that link to prepositions, called interrogative expressions: French English

      à qui

      to whomRosetta Stone’s Dynamic Immersion avec qui

      with whom

      avec quoiiPhone with whatiPad chez quiAndroid at whose house/place

      depuis quand

      given that when

    d’où(*) from where(*) put combien de temperatures(*) for the length of time (just how much time)(*) put qui(*) for whom(*) These expressions should remain “connected” to each other, unlike how we utilize them in English. Note that the concern word (*) pourquoi(*) (why) is one word, although it stemmed as an interrogative expression.(*) Perfecting French prepositions begins with Rosetta Stone(*) Now that you’ve put in the time to read this post about French prepositions, Rosetta Stone is here to assist you enhance and practice! Bear in mind that language knowing is a constant procedure that needs time and perseverance. (*) will assist you enhance quicker and acquire a much deeper understanding of French prepositions without memorization.(*) Dynamic Immersion permits you to find out intuitively without flashcards or lists. By combining audio from native speakers with enjoyable images, Rosetta Stone will assist you find out French grammar guidelines more intuitively than laborious memorization. (*) Rosetta Stone is readily available online or on your mobile phone. Have a look at our app for (*), (*), and (*), and begin immersing yourself in French today!(*) Written by Ingrid Narum(*) Ingrid is a full-time French and EL instructor. She is presently discovering Spanish and norwegian.(*)

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