English Medical Vocabulary: 103+ Useful Words You Should Know



Doctors utilize some odd words.

You do not require to be a physician or have a professional medical vocabulary for daily survival, however it’s still essential to understand fundamental English medical terms.

This guide will assist teach you a few of the fundamentals, along with some advanced vocabulary, too.


Body Parts in English

  • Skeleton
    — This describes the bones your body is comprised of. It’s the structure that supports your body.
  • Brain
    The most essential organ in your body. It’s secured by your skull and manages all of your motions and ideas.
  • Heart
    — The other crucial organ of the body. This lies in your chest and pumps blood throughout your body.
  • Lungs
    — You have 2 lungs beneath your ribs. They assist take in air and keep it in your body.
  • Liver
    — Your liver lies on the best side of your body, below your lungs. It assists clear out bile (liquid that assists food digestion) and other toxic substances in your body.
  • Stomach
    — The stomach lies on the best side of your body, beside the liver. It’s where the food you consume gets absorbed.
  • Small intestine
    — This organ lies beneath the stomach and takes in nutrients and minerals from your digested food.
  • Large intestine
    — From the little intestinal tract, absorbed food journeys to the big intestinal tract, which assists enhances the food digestion procedure and shops water.

Systems of the Body in English

There are various kinds of physicians, body parts and conditions that fall under various classifications.

Here are the most typical ones in English.

  • Coronary
    — Relating to the arteries that surround your heart and supply it with blood.
  • Gastrointestinal
    — This is an expensive method to describe body parts that associate with your stomach or intestinal tract, including your esophagus, big and little intestinal tracts, pancreas, gallbladder and liver.
  • Integument
    — This describes your hair, nails and skin.
  • Muscular
    — This term is quite straight-forward. It implies your tendons and muscles.
  • Nervous System
    / Neurological
    — This adjective associates with your brain and other systems that manage your body, like your spine, nerves and sensory organs.
  • Respiratory
    — These parts of your body aid you breathe, such as your nose, throat, throat, trachea, bronchi and lungs.
  • Skeletal
    — Anything to do with your bones, skeleton and joints.
  • Sensory
    — Do you observe the word “sense” in this word? It pertains to your 5 senses and their particular body parts, including your eyes, ears, skin, mouth and nose.
  • Urinary
    — This term describes body parts that manage your urine, like the kidneys or bladder.
  • Vascular
    — This word refers to your capillary.

Types of Doctors in English

Here’s a list of typical physicians who deal with various issues and illness in English.

Make sure to discover them so you’ll understand what type of medical professional to see and get the best type of recommendations.

  • Allergist
    ( immunologist)
    — This is a physician who deals with allergic reactions.
  • Cardiologist
    — A medical professional who deals with hearts and cardiovascular disease.
  • Dermatologist
    — A medical professional who deals with issues connected to your skin.
  • Neonatologist
    Since this medical professional cares for infants and babies,– Many married couples check out these.
  • Neurologist
    — A medical professional concentrating on brain, spine and nerve system illness.
  • Obstetrician
    Since they deal with pregnant females,– Expecting moms visit this medical professional.
  • Oncologist
    — A medical professional who’s a professional in cancer.
  • Ophthalmologist
    — When you require brand-new prescription glasses, you visit this medical professional due to the fact that they concentrate on the eyes.
  • Podiatrist
    — A medical professional who deals with feet and ankle injuries or conditions.
  • Psychiatrist
    — This is a physician who deals with mental disorders and assists individuals with anxiety or comparable issues.
  • Rheumatologist
    — A medical professional concentrating on illness of the joints, such as arthritis.
  • Sports medicine specialist
    — If you get an injury while playing a sport or doing an exercise, you would see this type of medical professional.

Commonly Used English Medical Words

There’s a special medical term for nearly whatever, consisting of specific body parts or conditions.

Learn these to end up being more medical-savvy and likewise enhance your fluency in general.

  • Abdomen
    — The location of the body that has your stomach and other digestion organs.
  • Adverse
    — Harmful or unwanted, typically utilized to explain negative effects of medication or treatment.
  • Allergy
    — A hypersensitivity response to a compound or irritant. When they require aid,
  • Anesthesia
    — This is an unique kind of truck that brings clients to the healthcare facility.
  • Antibiotic
    — The numbing or loss of sensation, generally caused for medical treatments.
  • Bandage
    — A medication utilized to deal with bacterial infections.
  • Benign
    — A strip of product utilized to cover or secure a hurt part of the body.
  • Bilateral
    — Harmful or not malignant.
  • Biopsy
    — Something (like an illness or injury) that impacts both sides of the body.
  • Blood pressure
    — The elimination and evaluation of tissue for diagnostic functions.
  • Cancer
    — The pressure of blood in the body.
  • Cardiology
    — This is a condition where unusual cells grow and form on or within the body. In a lot of cases, it can interrupt your organs and other physical functions.
  • Cast
    — The branch of medication handling the heart and its conditions.
  • Catheter
    — Have you ever damaged your arm? A cast is a difficult kind of plaster that’s utilized to support and secure a damaged bone.
  • Chronic
    — A versatile tube utilized for draining pipes fluids or presenting compounds into the body.
  • Circulation
    — Lasting over an extended period of time.
  • Colon
    — The motion of blood through the body by the heart and capillary.
  • Crutches
    — This is another name for the big intestinal tract. Since of a leg or foot injury,
  • Diagnosis
    — Two long sticks utilized to support somebody who can not effectively stroll.
  • Discharge
    — A persistent metabolic condition identified by high blood sugar level levels. When a physician or expert analyzes your signs and recognizes a disease or other health issue,–.
  • Emergency
    — The procedure of launching a client from the healthcare facility after getting needed treatment and guidelines for ongoing treatment.
  • Endoscopy

    ( ER)
  • Epidemic
    — The location of a health center where people with immediate medical conditions get instant care. When somebody’s injury or disease is dangerous or so bad that they require instant medical attention,
  • Fertility
    — This is.
  • Fever
    — A medical treatment utilizing a versatile tube with a light and electronic camera to see the within the body.
  • Flu
    — The quick spread of an infectious illness impacting a big population.
  • Fracture
    — The part of a limb (arm or leg) that is farthest from the upper body. Simply put, your feet and hands.
  • Genes
    — The capability to have kids. When your body temperature level is too high,
  • Hernia
    — This is.
  • Hormone
    — This is brief for influenza, which is an extremely infectious infection identified by fever, body pains, blockage, coughs and more.
  • Hypertension
    — A fracture is an expensive method of stating a break or fracture in somebody’s bone.
  • Hypotension
    — The systems of genetics that identify a person’s attributes.
  • Immune
    — Something that is genetic (handed down to somebody from other individuals in their household)
  • In-patient
    — A condition where part of an organ extends through the muscle that surrounds it.
  • Incision
    — A chemical compound produced by glands in the body, which manages numerous physical functions.
  • Infection
    — High blood pressure.
  • Inflammation
    — Low high blood pressure.
  • Intensive Care Unit — Resistant to or secured versus a specific illness.— A client who remains at a health center to get dealt with.
  • IV — A cut made in somebody’s skin throughout surgical treatment.— The intrusion and colonization of the body by microbes.
  • Laboratory — The body’s action to injury or infection, identified by soreness, swelling and discomfort.
    ( ICU)
  • Lesion
    — An unique system in a health center that supplies extensive care and treatment for really ill clients.
  • Medical Records

    ( Intravenous)
  • Migraine
    — A technique of providing medication, nutrients or fluids straight into a client’s vein through a needle or catheter.
  • Nausea

    ( Lab)
  • Operating Room — A center within a health center where medical tests and analyses are performed on client samples to assist in medical diagnosis and treatment.— A location in an organ or tissue that has actually gotten damage from an injury or illness, such as an injury or growth.
  • Operation
    — Documentation including info about a client’s case history, results, treatments and medical diagnoses.
  • Organs
    — A serious headache, typically accompanied by other signs such as queasiness and level of sensitivity to light.
  • Osteoporosis
    — The sensation of illness or the desire to throw up.
  • Out-patient

    ( OR)
  • Pain
    — A specifically equipped space where surgeries are carried out.
  • Physical
    — Another name for surgical treatment or a comparable treatment.
  • Prescription
    — These are the parts of your body that carry out crucial functions required to live, such as your heart, stomach, liver and so on.
  • Prognosis
    — A condition identified by breakable and weak bones.
  • Prosthesis
    — A client that gets treatment beyond a health center, like at a routine medical professional’s workplace.
  • Rehabilitation
    — We’ve all experienced this eventually in our lives. Since of a physical injury or disease, discomfort is feeling uneasy.
  • Scar
    — This word has 2 medical meanings. It might imply associating with the body (for instance, “she felt physically weak”) or might it might imply an annual medical exam by a physician.
  • Sedative
    — A composed order from a health care specialist for a particular medication or treatment.
  • Side effect
    — The anticipated result or course of an illness.
  • Stethoscope
    — A synthetic body part replacement.
  • Surgery
    — The procedure of bring back function after disease or injury.
  • Syringe
    — A mark left on the skin or body from an injury.
  • Thermometer
    — A medication or compound that unwinds or soothes.
  • Tumor
    — An undesirable sign brought on by a medication or medical treatment.
  • Ultrasound
    — A tool utilized by physicians to listen to noises produced by the body, especially the heart and lungs.
  • Vaccine
    — The treatment of internal injuries or conditions by cutting open the body and eliminating or fixing the broken part.
  • Virus
    — Another name for a needle. These are utilized to draw blood from somebody or inject them with something, such as a vaccine (see listed below).
  • Vomit
    — A gadget utilized to take somebody’s temperature level to see if they have a fever.
  • Wheelchair
    — This relates to cancer. It’s a swelling part of the body brought on by unusual cells.
  • X-ray
    — A diagnostic imaging strategy that utilizes high-frequency acoustic waves to produce pictures of the body’s internal structures.

— A compound that assists avoid an illness or infection by injecting it into your body.

and understanding of specific vocabulary words.

You’ll much better comprehend English media.

If you enjoy medical programs (like “Grey’s Anatomy”), finding out medical

can assist you much better comprehend what the program is discussing! You can even utilize these kinds of videos and programs to discover English with a program like

After reading this post, you need to be prepared to select the best type of medical professional and let them understand about any medical conditions you have.(*) You’ll likewise have the ability to comprehend the info or recommendations they offer you.(*) Use this to your benefit to remain pleased and healthy!(*) Download:(*)
This article is offered as a portable and practical PDF that you.
can take anywhere.


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